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The Selection of Indicators from Initial Blood Routine Test Results to Improve the Accuracy of Early Prediction of COVID-19 Severity
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  • Jiaqing Luo,
  • Lingyun Zhou,
  • Yunyu Feng,
  • Bo Li,
  • Shujin Guo
Jiaqing Luo
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China
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Lingyun Zhou
Sichuan University West China Hospital
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Yunyu Feng
Sichuan University West China Hospital
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Bo Li
Sichuan University West China Hospital
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Shujin Guo
Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital
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Abstract

Early prediction of disease severity is important for effective treatment of COVID-19. We determined that age is a key indicator for severity predicting of COVID-19, with an accuracy of 0.77 and an AUC of 0.92. In order to improve the accuracy of prediction, we proposed a Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) algorithm, which combines the Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) and Naïve Bayes (NB) classifier, to further select effective indicators from patients’ initial blood test results. The MCDM algorithm selected 3 dominant feature subsets {Age, WBC, LYMC, NEUT}, {Age, WBC, LMYC} and {Age, NEUT, LYMC}. Using these feature subsets, the optimized prediction model could achieve an accuracy of 0.82 and an AUC of 0.93. This result indicated that using age and the indicators selected by the MCDM algorithm from blood routine test results can effectively predict the severity of COVID-19 at an early stage.