Samar Thiab

and 5 more

Background Many people are used to administering their drugs with food, beverages, or herbs, which may contain chemicals that interfere with the prescribed drugs that could potentially lead to changes in their efficacy or safety and alteration in their pharmacokinetic properties. Objective To assess the extent of perception and use of food, beverages and herbs alongside with conventional drugs and their potential interactions among Jordanian society. Methods This descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted in Jordan (20 April - 5 May 2020). The survey was developed using Google forms, validated and distributed via social media platforms. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences-24. Main outcome measure Use and perception of food, beverages, herbs and their drug interactions among Jordanians. Results Of all participants (n = 789), 77.8% were females, 46.2% were 50-year-old, 69.7% were married, 70.8% were medically insured, and 51.1% had a bachelor’s degrees. Seventy percent of the study participants reported use of medicinal plants. About 66% of participants agreed that medicinal plants or herbs could treat diseases and 58.6% thought that medications could interact with drugs. In general, the participants’ knowledge about food/beverage/herb-drug interactions was considered poor. However, linear regression analysis illustrated that the level of knowledge was significantly affected (p-value <0.05) by gender, marital status, social status, the educational level, and employment sector. Conclusion Jordanians have a positive perception towards herbs and their ability to treat diseases. However, their knowledge about food/beverage-drug interactions was poor. This call needs to enhance the community awareness on food/beverage/herb-drug interactions.